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A case of delayed cardiac perforation of active ventricular lead

Hangyuan Guo, Yangbo Xing, Fukang Xu
  • Hangyuan Guo
    Department of Cardiology, Shaoxing People’s Hospital, Shaoxing Hospital of zhejiang University, Shaoxing, China | xufukang810302@163.com
  • Yangbo Xing
    Department of Cardiology, Shaoxing People’s Hospital, Shaoxing Hospital of zhejiang University, Shaoxing, China
  • Fukang Xu
    Department of Cardiology, Shaoxing People’s Hospital, Shaoxing Hospital of zhejiang University, Shaoxing, China

Abstract

A 65-year-old man was admitted as for one month of repetitive dizziness and one episode of syncope. Electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia and his Holter monitoring also showed sinus bradycardia with sinus arrest, sino-atrial block and a longest pause of 4.3 s. Then sick sinus syndrome and Adam-Stokes syndrome were diagnosed. Then a dual chamber pacemaker (Medtronic SDR303) was implanted and the parameters were normal by detection. The patient was discharged 1 week later with suture removed. Then 1.5 month late the patient was presented to hospital once again for sudden onset of chest pain with exacerbation after taking deep breath. Pacemaker programming showed both pacing and sensing abnormality with threshold of?5.0V and resistance of 1200?. Lead perforation was revealed by chest X-ray and confirmed by echocardiogram. Considering the fact that there was high risk to remove ventricular lead, spiral tip of previous ventricular lead was withdrew followed by implantation of a new ventricular active lead to the septum. Previous ventricular lead was maintained. As we know that the complications of lead perforation in the clinic was rare. Here we discuss the clinical management and the possible reasons for cardiac perforation of active ventricular lead.

Keywords

pacemaker, complication, perforation, ventricular lead.

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Submitted: 2011-10-11 04:07:35
Published: 2011-12-05 18:29:13
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Copyright (c) 2011 Hangyuan Guo, Yangbo Xing, Fukang Xu

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