The effects of high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with transcutaneous electrical stimulation in a severe stroke patient
AbstractThe case report describes the effects of 5 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) in a patient with severe stroke. The patient was a 69-year-old male who was affected by a left middle cerebral artery infarction. The patient had no movement in his right hand. To assess the effects, cerebral blood flow and motor function were measured before and after treatment. This treatment delivered rTMS over the affected M1 with TES at the paretic wrist extensor muscles for 10 days. The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the entire brain was measured by positronemission tomography. To evaluate the motor function, the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) was used. After treatment, the rCBF was increased (except for the stimulated region), and the FMA score was slightly improved. These results suggest the potential therapeutic use of rTMS combined with TES for recovery in severe stroke.
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Copyright (c) 2012 Soichiro Koyama, Shigeo Tanabe, Kazuya Takeda, Hiroaki Warashina, Hiroaki Sakurai, Yoshikiyo Kanada, Ryuji Okumura, Jun Shinoda, Junji Nagata, Tetsuo Kanno
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