Disseminated herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an immunocompetent 8-year old boy

  • Regina Eziuka Oladokun | ginaoladokun@yahoo.com College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, Nigeria.
  • Chikodili N Olomukoro Department of Paediatrics, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Adewale B. Owa Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Abstract

Varicella results from a primary infection with the varicella virus while herpes zoster is caused by a reactivation of a latent infection. Dissemination of herpes zoster is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Reports of disseminated herpes zoster in children are even less common than in adults. An unusual case of disseminated herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an 8-year old immunocompetent black boy is presented. He had a previous primary Varicella zoster virus infection at three years of age. In the current report, he presented during an on-going chicken pox outbreak and survived with no significant complications. A breakthrough varicella virus re-infection or a reactivation is possible, both of which could present as zoster. This case emphasizes the need for prevention of varicella virus infection through universal childhood immunization and effective infection control strategies in health care settings.

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Author Biography

Regina Eziuka Oladokun, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Senior Lecturer & Consultant Paediatrician
Published
2013-05-20
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Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
disseminated, herpes zoster, immunocompetent, child.
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How to Cite
Oladokun, R. E., Olomukoro, C. N., & Owa, A. B. (2013). Disseminated herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an immunocompetent 8-year old boy. Clinics and Practice, 3(2), e16. https://doi.org/10.4081/cp.2013.e16