Clinics and Practice <p><strong>Clinics and Practice</strong>&nbsp;[ISSN 2039-7283] is a peer-reviewed, Open Access, online-only journal that publishes both&nbsp;<em>brief reports</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>case reports</em>&nbsp;in all areas of clinical medicine. Our journal would welcome any interesting description of patients, procedures and treatment in any condition or disease useful for healthcare professionals.<br>PAGEPress is currently working with the major databases and online resources, such as Scopus, Clarivate Web Of Science/InCites, Pubmed/Medline, PubMedCentral, Google Scholar, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), IndexCopernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, to track the&nbsp;<strong>Clinics and Practice</strong>&nbsp;articles. PAGEPress is also working closely with Scopus and Clarivate products to ensure that citation analysis of articles published in this Journal.</p> en-US <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Francesca Baccino) (Tiziano Taccini) Fri, 26 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Surgical outcome of two-flap palatoplasty at King Fahad Medical City: A tertiary care center experience <p>The purpose of this study was to assess surgical outcomes of two-flap palatoplasty for management of cleft palate. Between January 2009 and January 2017, we recruited 29 nonsyndromic patients who underwent two-flap palatoplasty for cleft palate repair at the oral and maxillofacial department. Their medical records were procured, and surgical outcomes were assessed. Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) was evaluated on the basis of speech assessment by a speech therapist. Speech abnormality (nasality, nasal emission, and articulation error) was assessed by a speech therapist using the GOSS-Pass test. Swallowing and regurgitation were assessed by a swallowing team. Fistula and wound dehiscence were clinically assessed by the primary investigator. Documented data were evaluated using statistical analysis. Among the study patients; 75.8 % had normal speech, 20.7 % developed VPI; 17.3% had hypernasality; 4.3% had hypernasality as well as nasal emission; 4.3% had hypernasality, nasal emission, and articulation errors; and 4.3% had articulation errors. Approximately 20% of the patients had fistulas (83.3% had oronasal fistulas and 16.7% had nasovestibular fistulas). Normal swallowing findings were noted in 93% of the patients. There were statistically significant relationships between age-repair and VPI (r=0.450, t=0.014), age-speech (r=0.525, t=0.003), and age-fistula development (r=0.414, t=0.026). Conversely, there were no significant relationships between age and dehiscence (r=0.127, t=0.512), age and swallowing (r=0.360, t=0.055), and age and regurgitation (r=0.306, t=0.106). Two-flap palatoplasty is a reliable technique with excellent surgical and speech outcomes. Early repair is associated with better speech outcome and less incidence of VPI.</p> Alwaleed Khalid Alammar, Abdulsalam Aljabab, Gururaj Arakeri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 04 Dec 2018 16:13:52 +0100 Rare case of a kidney and inferior vena cava abnormalities with extensive lower extremity deep vein thrombosis in a young healthy male <p>Kidney and inferior vena cava (IVC) abnormalities with extensive deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a very rare cause of DVT and has a diverse clinical presentation. Computed tomography (CT) angiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment including thrombectomy, thrombolysis and systemic anticoagulation. We present a rare case of active young healthy male admitted with acute onset of right lower extremity pain and swelling who was found to have extensive DVT on doppler ultrasound. CT abdomen showed extensive clot burden involving right common femoral vein extending into internal and external iliac veins associated with IVC hypoplasia and hypoplastic left kidney. Patient underwent urgent thrombectomy, catheter directed thrombolysis and was discharged home in stable condition on oral anticoagulation.</p> Muhammad Khalid, Manisha Nukavarapu, Rupal Shah, Timir K. Paul ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 26 Oct 2018 11:31:08 +0200 Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia: Which is the culprit? <p>Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most frequent implicated drugs in acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN), nevertheless it is important to report cases with atypical profiles. A 80-year-old female, exposed during 34 months to omeprazole, presented with polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia and renal failure. After stopping omeprazole there was a partial improvement in serum creatinine and IgG. Renal biopsy revealed ATIN; immunohistochemistry for IgG4 was negative. Treatment with steroids and mycophenolate sodium improved renal function and normalized immunoglobulins. The lack of data of other entities and the patient’s evolution strongly point omeprazole as the culprit. After 27 months of follow-up, she remains clinical and analytically stable. ATIN caused by PPIs may appear after a long period of exposure and may be accompanied by analytical anomalies that simulate a systemic disease.</p> Ana E. Sirvent, Ricardo Enríquez, Tania Muci, Francisco Javier Ardoy-Ibañez, Isabel Millán, Amadeo Almiñana, Rosalía Ruiz-Ferrús, Luis Jiménez del Cerro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 07 Nov 2018 16:06:31 +0100 Suspected Oseltamivir-induced bradycardia in a pediatric patient: A case report from King Abdullah Specialist Children’s Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia <p>In recent years, influenza infection in the pediatric population has been a widescale issue that physicians face during the winter season. Medications used to treat and prevent such infections include Oseltamivir, an anti-viral neuraminidase inhibitor developed for both influenzas A and B. The most commonly well-known and manifesting adverse effects are nausea, vomiting and gastrointestinal upset. There is paucity of reports on other potential serious side effects of Oseltamivir in the pediatric population. One of the rarely reported adverse reactions in adult population is sinus bradycardia. This case reports the development of sinus bradycardia in a pediatric patient after administration of Oseltamivir. The previously healthy five-year-old patient was started on Oseltamivir after a positive polymerase chain reaction for influenza. The patient developed sinus bradycardia but remained hemodynamically stable. This finding led to consultations and investigations to determine the cause of bradycardia. It is pivotal to increase the awareness of the potential link between Oseltamivir and bradycardia in pediatric and adult populations to avoid unnecessary clinical investigations and to enhance physician decisionmaking. A prospective cohort study on Oseltamivir is needed for better understanding of its adverse effects in the pediatric population.</p> Hisham Arabi, Ahmed Abou Zaid, Mohammed Alreefi, Salman Alahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 11:11:56 +0100 Cutaneous actinomycosis and long-term management through using oral and topical antibiotics: A case report <p>Actinomycosis is a subacute or chronic suppurative bacterial infection which caused because of filamentous gram-positive, anaerobic to microaerophilic nonacid fast bacilli primarily of the genus Actinomyces that normally colonize the mouth, colon, and vagina. Primary cutaneous actinomycosis is a rare entity and is generally associated with trauma. A 61- year-old Yemeni male firstly presented to the surgical department in King Fahd Central Hospital with multiple swelling, petted lesions and boring of sensation in the right foot. Local examination showed multiple erythematous nodules and plaques with discharge in the right leg, and active sinus was not determined.</p> Ali Hassan Najmi, Ibrahim Hassan Najmi, Mosa Mohmmed Hassan Tawhari, Khadija Hafed Sawadi, Khaled Ahamed Hassan Khbrani, Fawaz Hadi Tawhari, Mohammed Abdu Tawhari, Majed Hassan Mathkur, Khalid Mohammed Al-attas ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 04 Dec 2018 16:40:58 +0100 Rapidly progressive neurologic decline and morbilliform rash presenting in a patient with lymphoma <p>A 67-year-old male with past medical history of mantle cell lymphoma and atrial fibrillation presented with a truncal rash, bilateral lower extremity weakness, and confusion. Within three days of presentation, his condition rapidly deteriorated with the onset of diffuse flaccid paralysis, aphasia, and severe alteration in mental status. Initial results from serum studies, lumbar puncture, magnetic resonance imaging, and electroencephalogram were not diagnostic. However, on the ninth day after initial presentation, the West Nile Virus (WNV) immunoglobulin M antibody returned positive from the cerebrospinal fluid. West Nile Virus encephalitis is endemic worldwide, and is the most common viral encephalitis in the United States. WNV presents in a variety of ways, and the recognition by physicians is crucial due to the estimated 2- 12% mortality rate and significant longterm morbidity of neuroinvasive disease. The initial management and long term prognosis are points of ongoing research. This case represents a particularly profound example of neuroinvasive WNV. Our patient made a significant recovery after his initial presentation with aggressive supportive care, however still suffers from bilateral lower extremity weakness more than a year later.</p> Dean Ehrlich, Jennifer Phan, Gavin Hui, Alexandra Drakaki ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 04 Dec 2018 16:45:50 +0100 Take a second look: it's Kikuchi’s disease! A case report and review of literature <p>Generalized lymphadenopathy is a common cause of concern for both patients and clinicians. Possible etiologies include infections, malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Kikuchi Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a hyperergic condition that presents with fever, lymphadenopathy and can include systemic involvement, thus being easily mistaken for the above-mentioned entities. We report the case of a previously healthy 18- year old male who presented with a selflimiting generalized lymphadenopathy, high fevers, skin vasculitis and polyserositis. The lymph-node biopsy revealed a histiocytotic necrotizing lymphadenitis, suggestive of Kikuchi’s disease. This case emphasizes the importance of KFD in the differential diagnosis of lymphadenopathy, especially in young adults.</p> Oana Joean, Thea Thiele, Mieke Raap, Reinhold E. Schmidt, Matthias Stoll ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 12 Dec 2018 13:03:18 +0100